NEW YORK, February 13. /Corr. Then24 Denis Akishev/. Social networks under current conditions will not be able to establish a single set of rules for self-regulation, because the cultural differences in the world are too great. This opinion was expressed to a Then24 correspondent by Massachusetts Institute of Technology researcher Peter Glur.
“I will be very surprised if common regulatory approaches are found. [соцсетей] around the world . There are too many conflicts of interest between states, leading to a split in cultural influence,” he said.
The expert was also skeptical about the prospects for the emergence of a single global social network, despite the fact that the emergence of such a “would be a good event.” “If a super social network appeared, it would mean a total monopoly, which, for example, the European Commission would not tolerate. Right now, that’s impossible,” Glur is convinced.
Facebook is now closer to being a global social network, but its regulation by Meta raises many questions, he said. Last September, the Wall Street Journal began publishing a series of articles about malicious practices by the company and its services. The material for the articles comes from internal documents that a former employee of the company, Francis Haugen, gave to a journalist. In particular, they dealt with the fact that the company’s social networks promoted content potentially dangerous to the health of users, but aroused their interest (for example, girls who already suffered from anorexia were recommended to register for groups where weight loss was discussed). To attract attention, radical or even extremist content has been promoted or not filtered.
On October 25, 2021, an entire consortium of American publications published revealing documents. The source was again internal documents received by journalists. It turned out that the company did little to no content filtering outside of the United States, which led to the use of its social networks to incite hatred and xenophobic sentiments, for example in Ethiopia and India. In the United States, surveillance was also significantly weakened after the 2020 presidential election.
Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg advocates stricter government regulation of social media and their responsibility for content moderation. According to Peter Glur, Zuckerberg’s support for government regulation is intended to justify the introduction of a stricter moderation policy, which the company itself does not dare to introduce. “I can understand Facebook wanting to hide behind the law because they don’t want to be a cop, and if there are clear rules they will start enforcing the appropriate policies,” the expert said.
Glur believes that the set of rules that could frame social networks should not be excessive, but that serious violations, including calls for violence, should be punished. ” I think that if [призыв к насилию] is obvious, we must use the law to prohibit it,” he said.
Some experts believe that behind the company’s calls for stricter regulation is its desire to gain a competitive advantage – meta-services already have all the tools to moderate the entire flow of information, and to Other companies will need to devote significant resources to building systems capable of monitoring and detecting illegal activity on social networks.
Facebook was founded on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg and three of his classmates while at Harvard University. The company, headquartered in Menlo Park, Calif., owns Facebook and Instagram social networks, as well as WhatsApp and Messenger apps. On October 28, 2021, the company changed its name to Meta. The new name, as conceived by the company, is a continuation of the chosen concept of “metavers”, which will bring together a whole range not only of programs, but also of augmented reality devices.